Extended atmospheres of outer planet satellites and comets interim report for the period November 1,1984 to January 31, 1985 by William H. Smyth

Cover of: Extended atmospheres of outer planet satellites and comets | William H. Smyth

Published by Atmospheric and Environmental Research, Inc., National Aeronautics and Space Administration in Cambridge, MA, [Washington, DC .

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  • Comets.,
  • Planets -- Atmospheres.,
  • Cometary atmospheres.,
  • Encke comet.,
  • Halley"s comet.,
  • Satellite atmospheres.,
  • Titan.

Edition Notes

Microfiche. [Washington, D.C. : National Aeronautics and Space Administration], 1985. 1 microfiche.

Book details

StatementWilliam H. Smyth and Michael R. Combi.
SeriesNASA-CR -- 174398., NASA contractor report -- NASA CR-174398.
ContributionsCombi, Michael R., Atmospheric and Environmental Research, inc., United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
The Physical Object
Pagination1 v.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL16157277M

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Get this from a library. Extended atmospheres of outer planet satellites and comets. [William H Smyth; Michael R Combi; United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration.; Atmospheric and Environmental Research, Inc.].

@article{osti_, title = {Extended atmospheres of outer planet satellites and comets. Interim report, 15 June September }, author = {Smyth, W H and Combi, M R}, abstractNote = {A major model documentation paper for cometary gas coronae and a second paper successfully applied the model to simulate the hydrogen Lyman-alpha coma of comet Kohoutek were completed and are.

Get this from a library. Extended atmospheres of outer planet satellites and comets. [William H Smyth; Michael R Combi; United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration.]. The Solar System is the gravitationally bound system of the Sun and the objects that orbit it, either directly or indirectly.

Of the objects that orbit the Sun directly, the largest are the eight planets, with the remainder being smaller objects, the dwarf planets and small Solar System the objects that orbit the Sun indirectly—the moons—two are larger than the smallest planet Location: Local Interstellar Cloud, Local Bubble.

The study of extraterrestrial atmospheres is an active field of research, both as an aspect of astronomy and to gain insight into Earth's atmosphere. In addition to Earth, many of the other astronomical objects in the Solar System have include all the gas giants, as well as Mars, Venus, and l moons and other bodies also have atmospheres, as do comets and the Sun.

This book is an attempt at summarizing our present understanding of the atmospheres and ionospheres in the outer solar system, with particular emphasis on the relevant physics and chemistry. I was motivat­ ed to prepare this manuscript for the following by: T.V.

Johnson, in Treatise on Geochemistry, Radiation Effects. Most outer planet satellites orbit within the magnetospheric environments of their primary planet. As a result their surfaces are constantly exposed to bombardment by particle radiation of varying types, ranging from low-energy (10– eV) plasma electrons and ions to very high-energy electrons and >10 MeV per.

Two satellites of the outer planets possess significant atmospheres. Titan, a moon of Saturn, and Triton, a moon of Neptune, have atmospheres mainly of nitrogen. When in the part of its orbit closest to the Sun, Pluto has an atmosphere of nitrogen and methane similar to Triton's, but these gases are frozen when it is farther from the Sun.

A field guide to the stars and planets: Including the moon, satellites, comets, and other features of the universe [Menzel, Donald Howard] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

A field guide to the stars and planets: Including the moon, satellites, comets, and other features of the universeCited by: 1.

Venus is also the hottest planet in our Solar System, with a mean surface temperature of K ( °C/ °F). This is due to the CO²-rich atmosphere which, along with thick clouds of. SATELLITES OF THE OUTER PLANETS The satellites of the giant outer planets are a surprisingly diverse group of bodies.

Most are composed of mixtures of water and other ices, including most likely ammonia ice, and rocky material. An amazing variety of unusual and spectacular geologic features are observed on these satellites, including active. Abstract. A general review of the chemistry of planetary atmospheres was given with the emphasis on the outer planets and their satellites.

The impact of the scientific findings of the Voyager Mission on our understanding of the chemistry and composition of the Jovian, Saturnian, and Author: Darrell F. Strobel. Unfortunately, this book can't be printed from the OpenBook. If you need to print pages from this book, we recommend downloading it as a PDF.

Visit to get more information about this book, to buy it in print, or to download it as a free PDF. Most of the planets in our solar system are orbited by planetary satellites (also called moons).

These planetary satellites can vary greatly in size, the smallest being Trinculo, which orbits Uranus and has a radius of only 5 kilometers, and the largest being Ganymede, which orbits Jupiter and has a radius of 2, kilometers. Gravity with More Than Two Bodies.

For Further Exploration. Collaborative Group Activities. Review Questions. Thought Questions. Figuring for Yourself. 4 Earth, Moon, and Sky. Earth and Sky. The Seasons. Keeping Time. The Calendar. Phases and Motions of. In his book Entering Space: Creating a Spacefaring Civilization (), Robert Zubrin advocated mining the atmospheres of the outer planets – including Jupiter – to obtain Helium-3 fuel.

Outer Solar System proposes a program for the exploration of the outer reaches of the solar system in the years to Of course, the technological requirements of the many-year missions and the vast distances represent new and difficult challenges in many technological areas such as communication, reliability, and miniaturization.

Planetary satellites, comets, and asteroids are like the little guys. They can be dangerous, they can be useful.

Let me explain. Planetary Satellites. Planetary satellites are moons or asteroids that orbit a bigger body such as a planet. Planetary satellites can have a an affect on the planet it. Mercury's orbit is highly eccentric.

This means that at the closest point to the Sun, called perihelion (from the Greek roots peri = around, and helios = the Sun), Mercury is only 46 million kilometers away from the Sun.

Compare this to aphelion (the farthest point from the Sun), when the distance is 70 million kilometers. Mercury's orbit has the highest eccentricity of any planet except Pluto. Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune are surrounded by atmospheres of _____.

Galileo When 17th century astronomer _______ first viewed Jupiter with his. The planets and satellites in the outer solar system exhibit a diverse range of atmospheres. The giant planets F Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune F giant-planet atmospheres are H 2O, CH 4,NH 3, and H 2S.

PLANETARY ATMOSPHERES / Jupiter and the Outer Planets from the Sun. At such altitudes, thermal energy is File Size: KB. Study of the solar system, or of the sun as a star, is therefore incomplete without a comprehensive picture of the heliosphere all the way to its boundary with the interstellar medium.

The wind is believed to have its boundary-i.e., its transition from solar-generated to interstellar gas. Another difference between asteroids and comets is in their orbital patterns.

Asteroids tend to have shorter, more circular orbits. Comets tend to. The planet closest to Earth with known satellites is Mars. Named for the Roman god of war, Mars is orbited by two moons, Deimos and Phobos.

Discovered by American astronomer Asaph Hall inDeimos and Phobos are theorized to be caught asteroids, asteroid that have passed closely enough to a planet to be caught in its orbit. throughout Cassini’s extended “Solstice Mission,” ending in Magnetospheres of the Outer Planets A magnetosphere is the sphere of influence of a planet’s magnetic field.

The giant planets of the outer Solar System have strong magnetic fields whose influence extends far beyond their planets, encompassing many of their moons. The Contributions of Comets to Planets, Atmospheres, and Life: Insights from Cassini-Huygens, Galileo, Giotto, and Inner Planet Missions July Space Science Reviews (1) The remaining objects of the Solar System including the four terrestrial planets, the dwarf planets, moons, asteroids, and comets) together comprise less than % of the Solar System's total mass.

All the planets, and most other objects, orbit the Sun in the same direction that the Sun is rotating (counter-clockwise, as viewed from above.

The European Space Agency and NASA mission SOHO — short for Solar and Heliospheric Observatory — got a visit from an old friend this week when comet 96P entered its field of view on Octo The comet entered the lower right corner of SOHO’s view, and skirted up and around the right edge before leaving on October Jupiter.

Jupiter is the biggest planet in the Solar System. A day on the planet only takes 9 hours and 55 minutes, meaning that the planet spins very fast, although a year on Jupiter (the length of time it takes for the planet to orbit the Sun) takes is because the planet is so far away from the planet is made up mainly of hydrogen and helium, and, as far as we know.

How Have Astronomers Been Able to Study the Surface of : Planets, Comets, Constellations & More of a Planet's Mass on Its Orbit: Planets, Comets, of the Dwarf Planet Eris:. This comprehensive volume summarises current understanding of the Jovian system, in the light of recent scientific results from the Galileo spacecraft, the Galileo probe, the Cassini spacecraft, the Hubble Space Telescope, and numerous ground-based and theoretical studies.

Chapters are written by leading authorities in the field and cover all aspects of Jupiter, its satellites and magnetosphere.1/5(1). Find out why Pluto was relegated to dwarf planet status and check out the other dwarf planets and comets in our solar system.

Space Junk Made entirely of elements from the solar nebula, the asteroids and meteorites orbiting our Sun offer incredible insight into the origin of our solar system. Eight Spinning Planets. By Brian James, Illustrated by Russell Benfanti. Eight Spinning Planets is a large board book, with each planet represented as a round plastic shape protruding through die-cut circles in the pages; as you turn each page, one planet at a time disappears until, on the last page, you're out at Neptune.

The text is in rhyming couplets: "Eight spinning planets travel round. The atmospheres of the jovian planets have many regions of high pressure (where there is more air) and low pressure (where there is less). Just as it does on Earth, air flows between these regions, setting up wind patterns that are then distorted by the rotation of the planet.

So far only the four large Jovian satellites have been seen at close hand, as described later in this book. The outer Solar System is relatively unknown to Man.

Saturn (Figure ), the next planet beyond Jupiter, never approaches closer than million km ( million mi.) of Earth; while Uranus, the next planet, is almost one billion miles. life, from GPS satellites, environmental sensing and imaging satellites, space probes to interests in new moons discovered around solar system planets and new planets discovered around other stars.

The orbits of asteroids and comets that might strike the Earth. Artist’s impression of a hot Neptune-sized planet orbiting a star beyond our Sun. Image credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech A team of UK scientists and engineers have announced plans for a small satellite, named “Twinkle,” that will give radical new insights into the chemistry, formation and evolution of planets orbiting other stars.

The mission, which is being led by University College London (UCL. Building Blocks of Life Found in Comet's Atmosphere. future probes could examine other comets or even bring frozen samples back for analysis.

Planets are in fixed orbit around Sun. But comets are guests, they belong to the Oort cloud beyond Neptune.

we can imagine this cloud like a spherical cloud with our Sun at centre with other planets around. Oort Cloud These dirty balls, when someh. The discovery of the four large satellites of Jupiter by Galileo Galilei in January was one of the most significant events in the history of science.

Galileo’s observations of moons appearing to Cited by: 1. Exoplanet atmospheres The chemical composition of exoplanetary atmospheres can tell us much about the physical (and potentially life bearing) conditions on these worlds.

The most successful method for measuring chemical composition of an exoplanetary atmosphere is the transit spectroscopy method.Satellites of the Giant Planets. How are the outer planet satellites similar and different to the inner planets? Why are many satellite crusts water ice? Why are Jupiter's inner satellites active, while the outer satellites are cratered?

Why does Io erupt Sulfur, and Triton erupt Nitrogen, and not lava?The four giant planets have generally similar atmospheres, composed mostly of hydrogen and helium. Their atmospheres contain small quantities of methane and ammonia gas, both of which also condense to form clouds.

Deeper (invisible) cloud layers consist of water and possibly ammonium hydrosulfide (Jupiter and Saturn) and hydrogen sulfide (Neptune).Author: OpenStax.

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